The Civil Contingencies Act
The Civil Contingencies Act (CCA) became law in November 2004 and provides a framework for emergency planning throughout the UK. The act splits the statutory organisations involved in emergencies into;
Category One Responders
This includes Police, Fire, Ambulance, NHS England Area Teams, Acute Hospital Trust, Public Health England, Borough Councils (such as Redcar & Cleveland Borough Council), Port Health Authority, Environment Agency, Maritime Coastguard Agency.
Category Two Responders
This includes the Health and Safety Executive, Water, Transport, Electricity and Gas Distributors, Railway Operators, Airport Operators, Ports, Highways England, Clinical Commissioning Groups.
Whilst not specifying voluntary organisations as Category Responders, the act and the Borough Council recognise the crucial role these organisations have to play in responding to and recovering from an emergency.
Duties of the Local Authority
As a category one responder the Act places the following duties on the Borough Council;
- Risk Assessment
- Business Continuity Management (BCM)
- Emergency Planning
- Maintaining Public Awareness and arrangements to warn, inform and advise the public.
- Promotion of Business Continuity Management (BCM) to the commercial sector and to voluntary organisations
Additionally the act ensures that the Category one responders have a legislative responsibility to;
- Share Information